Animal Defenders International


Animal Defenders International

Background: ADI takes steps to recover five lions and baboon

Posted: 7 July 2010. Updated: 15 October 2015


ADI was eventually handed legal jurisdiction over the three male lions, Simba, Bambek and Dactari, two females, Camba and Maiza, and a male baboon, Tilin, in order to facilitate the export.

Then began a 9 month period of negotiations with the various authorities to get permission to move the animals.

The Background to the Release

Read more on the remarkable journey of how these four ex-circus lions arrived in California after a life in the circus:

ADI made arrangements to relocate the lions at the ARK 2000 sanctuary in San Andreas, California, run by the Performing Animal Welfare Society (PAWS), and to relocate Tilin at Lakeview monkey sanctuary in the UK.

The animals came into the hands of ADI skinny, with dull and shaggy coats, far too accustomed to an inadequate diet which had significantly damaged their health. We immediately made arrangements for feeding up the animals with good food, a specialist carnivore supplement, and veterinary treatment.


The animals’ care

Dr. Mel Richardson, ADIís specialist veterinarian from the United States, instituted a regime of care to prepare the animals for travel.

Veterinary care
A local vet was employed to work with Dr. Richardson, and the animals received full examinations, treatment for parasites, and vaccinations. The local veterinary surgeon visited the animals once a week and produced a written report on their condition. In addition, ADIís campaign partner EBA provided a junior vet and two veterinary students to take care of the animals on a day to day basis.

Dietary requirements
Following Dr. Richardsonís advice, each of the lions was fed 15 kilos of red meat three times a week, enriched with Mazuri Carnivore Diet dietary supplements, a vitamin and mineral supplement designed for lions in captivity.

Tilin the baboon was fed three times a day with a diet made up of 70% vegetables, 20% fruit and 10% of foods rich in protein. In addition all animals received clean water throughout each day.


Cleanliness and maintenance of the cages
As with all well-run animal facilities, we ensure that a fixed routine was in place where the cages were cleaned out each day. Faeces were removed from the cages and fresh straw provided, along with the fresh water, and items for enrichment (toys, hanging plastic items, tyres, footballs).

On feeding days, the cages were cleaned again during the afternoon, after the animals had finished their food. Additionally, a general extra deep cleaning was performed once a week, and a thorough review of the spaces in which animals were located was undertaken.

24 hour security
Following threats to the animals lives, and stones being thrown at them by locals, ADI hired a private security company to ensure that no one could harm the animals, or breach the quarantine regulations instituted by SENASAG, the department of health. Apart from the need to follow the quarantine rules to allow export to the USA, ADI policy is that when animals enter our care, they no longer have to entertain humans and therefore they have the right not to be stared at by humans. The security guards were unarmed but fully trained to react in case of a security breach.

Read more:

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