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Animal Defenders International

Animals in Traveling Circuses: References

Posted: 10 May 2008

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Munson, L., Koehler, J.W., Wilkinson, J.E. and Miller, R.E. (1998). Vesicular and ulcerative dermatopathy resembling superficial necrolytic dermatitis in captive black rhinoceroses (Diceros bicornis). Veterinary Pathology. 35: 31-42.

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Schmid, J. (1995). Keeping circus elephants temporarily in paddocks: The effects on their behavior. Animal Welfare. 4: 87-101.

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Stull, C. L. (1999). Responses of horses to trailer design, duration, and floor area during commercial transportation to slaughter. Journal of Animal Science. 77:2925-2933.

Stull, C. L., Spier, S.J., Aldridge, B.M., Blanchard, M & Stott, J.L. (2004). Immunological response to long term transport stress in mature horses and effects of adaptogenic dietary supplementation as an immunomodulator. Equine Veterinary Journal. 36(7)583-589.

Stull, C.L. & Rodiek, A. V. (2000). Physiological responses of horses to 24 hours of transportation using a commercial van during summer conditions. Journal of Animal Science. 78: 1458-1466.
Tarou, L.R., Bashaw, M.J. and Maple, T.L. (2000). Social attachment in giraffe: Response to social separation. Zoo Biology. 19: 41-51.

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Wells, D.L. & Hepper, P.G. (1998). A note on the influence of visual conspecific contact on the behavior of sheltered dogs. Applied Animal Behavior Science. 60: 83-88.

Wells, A., Terio, K.A., Ziccardi, M.H. & Munson, L. (2004). The stress response to environmental change in captive cheetahs (acinonyx jubantus). Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine. 35(1) 8-14.

Wielebnowski, N.C., Fletchall, N., Carlstead, K., Busso, J.M., Brown, J.L. (2002). Non-invasive assessment of adrenal activity associated with husbandry and behavioral factors in the North American clouded leopard population. Zoo Biology. 21: 77-98.

Young. R.J. (2003). Environmental enrichment for captive animals. UFAW Animal Welfare Series. Blackwell Publishing, p. 2.

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