Animal Defenders International

 

Animal Defenders International

Act For Zoo Animals!

Posted: 7 November 2016

1

The Zoos Directive – which, if effectively implemented, could reduce the suffering of captive animals and prevent zoo animals being used as mere amusement across Europe - is currently being evaluated as part of the Commission’s Regulatory Fitness and Performance Programme (REFIT). REFIT aims to simplify existing EU legislation. ADI and Eurogroup for Animals (of which ADI is a member) fear this could weaken animal protections and threaten conservation efforts.

Public contributions are being taken on the matter so, please, SPEAK UP FOR ZOO ANIMALS!

  • See below for suggested replies to the consultation.

Thank you!

Suggested replies to the public consultation:

Questions 1-19
Replies to these questions are mandatory and refer to personal information.

Question 20. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the following statements regarding zoos in your country?

*Information on species and their habitats is usually well presented
Answer: Somewhat agree

*After a zoo visit I know more about conservation of wild animals, protected species, threatened species
Answer: Somewhat disagree

*After a zoo visit I know more about biodiversity and conservation of nature in general
Answer: Somewhat disagree

*I have noticed improvements of education activities (e.g. school visits, educational shows) provided by zoos over the last 15 years
Answer: Totally agree

*I have noticed improvements in research activities carried out by zoos over the last 15 years
Answer: Totally agree

*Animals live in conditions that satisfy their needs
Answer: Somewhat disagree

*I have noticed improvements in the size and design of spaces where animals are kept over the last 15 years
Answer: Somewhat agree

*Animal shows are adapted to animals’ natural behaviours
Totally disagree

*In the zoos I’ve visited, I received information on the species and/or its conservation status
Answer: Somewhat agree

*Zoo visits encourage visitors to become more engaged in the protection of species
Answer: Somewhat disagree

*Zoo visits encourage visitors to become more engaged in the protection of biodiversity and nature in general
Answer: Somewhat disagree

*Zoos are adequately designed to prevent the escape of animals
Answer: Somewhat agree

21. Do you think the following activities are sufficiently promoted in zoos across the EU?

*Research on species conservation issues
Answer: No

*Training on relevant species conservation skills
Answer: No

*Exchange of information relating to species conservation, between zoos, authorities, other organisations
Answer: No opinion

*Provide education on and raise awareness of biodiversity and broader nature protection topics
Answer: Yes

*Provide education on and raise awareness of species, wild animals and their natural habitats
Answer: Yes

*Provide information on exhibited species and their habitats
Answer: Yes

*Keep animals under appropriate conditions with good veterinary care
Answer: No

*Collect data on the animals in the zoo
Answer: No opinion

22. How important do you think EU-wide rules on zoos are on the following matters?

*Protecting Europe’s threatened species
Answer: Very important

*Protecting globally threatened species
Answer: Very important

*Captive breeding (i.e. breeding of animals outside their natural habitats) of threatened species in Europe and globally
Answer: Very important

*Reintroduction of species into the wild
Answer: Very important

*Keeping animals under appropriate conditions with good veterinary care
Answer: Very important

*Making zoos shift from pure exhibition to modern conservation centres, where education, research, captive breeding and reintroduction programmes are undertaken
Answer: Very important

*Avoiding the escape of animals
Answer: Very important

*Increasing awareness of the wider public on biodiversity and nature protection by offering education and information on these topics
Answer: Very important

*Keeping appropriate, sharable data records of the zoo’s animals
Answer: Very important

23. Please specify “Other”
Answer: Ensuring that all animals’ presentations show exclusively natural behavior of the species.

24. In your opinion, would the following activities take place without EU legislation on zoos?

*To fulfil EU’s global commitments on biodiversity
Answer: Not at all

*Captive breeding of threatened species (i.e. species on European and global red lists)
Answer: Not at all

*Reintroduction of species into the wild
Answer: Unlikely

*Research on conservation issues
Answer: Unlikely

*Training on relevant conservation skills
Answer: Unlikely

*Exchange of information relating to species conservation
Answer: Unlikely

*Public education on and awareness of biodiversity conservation and nature
Answer: Unlikely

*Public education on and awareness of conservation of species, wild animals and habitats
Answer: Unlikely

*Provide information on exhibited species and their habitats
Answer: Not at all

*Provide information on broader biodiversity and nature protection topics
Answer: Not at all

*Keeping animals under appropriate conditions with good veterinary care
Answer: Not at all

*Prevent escape of animals and intrusion of outside pests and vermin
Answer: Unlikely

*Keeping appropriate, sharable data records of the zoos’ animals
Answer: Not at all

25 To what extent do you consider that the Directive has brought the following benefits?

*Benefits for overall biodiversity conservation
Answer: Significant benefits

*Benefits for protecting species from extinction
Answer: Significant benefits

*Benefits for ex-situ conservation efforts
Answer: Crucial benefits

*Benefits for public education and better knowledge on biodiversity
Answer: Significant benefits

*Benefits for positive changes of behaviour towards biodiversity protection
Answer: Significant benefits

*Benefits for higher engagement of the public/stakeholders in biodiversity protection and other nature protection activities
Answer: Significant benefits

*Benefits for conditions under which animals are kept and standard of animal husbandry
Answer: Crucial benefits

*Created legal certainty for zoos as businesses
Answer: Crucial benefits

*Ensured a coherent legal framework for zoos to operate across the EU
Answer: Crucial benefits

*Increased tourism
Answer: Significant benefits

*Increased employment in areas where zoos are located
Answer: Significant benefits

*Increased offer of cultural and recreational opportunities to the public
Answer: Significant benefits

*Improved licensing and inspection schemes of zoos Other (please specify below)
Answer: Crucial benefits

27. In your view, how do the costs of implementation of the Zoos Directive compare with the benefits brought about from their implementation?
Answer: The benefits far exceed the costs of implementation

28 Is the Zoos Directive consistent with and mutually supportive of the following legal and non-legal interventions or do you see significant gaps or overlaps?

*Convention on biological Diversity (CBD)/Aichi targets
Answer: Consistent and/or Mutually supportive

*Birds Directive, 1979 (Council Directive 79/409/EEC) and Habitats Directive, 1992 (Council Directive 92/43/EEC)
Answer: Consistent and/or Mutually supportive

*Convention on international trade in endangered species of wild flora and fauna (CITES), embraced by Council Regulation No 338/97 on the protection of species and wild fauna and flora by regulating trade
Answer: Gaps

*Regulation 1143/2014 on invasive alien species
Answer: Consistent and/or Mutually supportive

*Commission regulation No 1739/2005 of 21 October 2005 laying down animal health requirements for the movement of circus animals between Member States
Answer: Gaps

*Council Directive 92/65/EEC of 13 July 1992 laying down animal health requirements governing trade in and imports into the Community of animals, semen, ova and embryos not subject to animal health requirements laid down in specific rules referred to in annex A (I) to Directive 90/425/EEC
Answer: Consistent and/or Mutually supportive

*Council Directive 90/425/EEC of 26 June 1990 concerning veterinary and zoo technical checks applicable in intra-Community trade in certain live animals and products with a view to the completion of the internal market
Answer: Consistent and/or Mutually supportive

*National species action plans in EU Member States
Answer: Gaps

*National animal welfare acts
Answer: Consistent and/or Mutually supportive

*European code of conduct on zoological gardens and aquaria and invasive alien species (Council of Europe, Invasive alien Specialist Group, EAZA)
Answer: Consistent and/or Mutually supportive

*IUCN technical guidelines for the management of ex-situ populations for conservation
Answer: Consistent and/or Mutually supportive

*WAZA World Zoo and Aquarium Conservation Strategies Other (please specify below)
Answer: Consistent and/or Mutually supportive

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