Animal Defenders International

 

Animal Defenders International

Circuses

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Animals in Traveling Circuses: ADI Background

10 May 2008

Founded in 1990, Animal Defenders International has offices in the US and the UK and works worldwide to end the suffering of animals with Field Officers working undercover and making detailed observations...

Animals in Traveling Circuses: 1. Introduction

10 May 2008

In the last 100 years understanding of our planet and the animals with whom we share it has grown enormously. We have made great strides in technology, medicine and learning. However, many people question...

Animals in Traveling Circuses: 2. The Traveling Environment

10 May 2008

We examine here the issues and challenges raised by the need to adapt both accommodation and husbandry practices for the traveling environment. These include: Limited periods in each location or...

Animals in Traveling Circuses: 3. Travel

10 May 2008

Frequent and long periods of travel in trailers are the norm for animals in circuses. During a performance season circuses typically visit many different cities all over the country, covering thousands...

Animals in Traveling Circuses: 4. Animal Care and Close Confinement (restriction of movement)

10 May 2008

Poor animal care in the circus may not always be intentional, but it is basically unavoidable, given the mobile nature of circuses and the temporary enclosures, living spaces and trailers that the animals...

Animals in Traveling Circuses: 5. Inappropriate Social Groupings and Isolation

10 May 2008

It is vitally important to house species in appropriate groups. For many species social living provides more benefits than finding food or avoiding predation. It is a major source of stimulation and...

Animals in Traveling Circuses: 6. Summary of the Scientific Case on Suffering

10 May 2008

Collectively, this evidence demonstrates that exotic and domestic animals are likely to suffer as a result of living in a traveling circus:- Transport has been shown to cause many indicators of stress,...

Animals in Traveling Circuses: 7. Case study: Animals in Traveling Circuses in South America

10 May 2008

ADI has conducted extensive studies of the use of animals in traveling circuses all over the world for nearly two decades, using methods of observational data, videotape and photographs, collected by our...

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