Animal Defenders International

 

Animal Defenders International

Circuses

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The science on suffering: Husbandry and close confinement (6)

17 May 2006

3.3 Carnivores The scientific literature show that carnivores, in particular members of the cat family and bears, suffer as a result of captivity. This evidence has mainly been gathered in zoo studies,...

The science on suffering: Husbandry and close confinement (7)

17 May 2006

3.4 Domesticated Species Domestic animals such as budgerigars, cats, dogs and horses are kept in circuses. Although there are few scientific studies applicable to the circus situation these animals...

The science on suffering: Inappropriate social groupings and isolation (1)

17 May 2006

4. Inappropriate social groupings and isolation It is vitally important to house species in appropriate group structures. For many species social living provides more benefits than simply finding food...

The science on suffering: Inappropriate social groupings and isolation (2)

17 May 2006

4.2 Forced Proximity with other Animals In the wild tigers are solitary animals, coming together only for mating. A study on circus tigers describes how circuses often transport tigers in groups and...

The science on suffering: Inappropriate social groupings and isolation (3)

17 May 2006

4.4 Close Proximity of Predator and Prey Species Prey species show specific adaptations that allow recognition, avoidance and defence against predators (Apfelbach et al., 2005). However in the restrictions...

The science on suffering: Summary of scientific case (1)

17 May 2006

5. Summary of scientific case Collectively the evidence provided here demonstrates that animals, whether exotic or domesticated, are likely to be suffering as a result of living in a travelling circus–...

The science on suffering: Summary of scientific case (2)

17 May 2006

It is important to remember that in a circus– living space is necessarily limited to the back of a lorry; exercise enclosures, if erected, are frequently not used by some (or all) of the animals...

The science on suffering: Summary of scientific case (3)

17 May 2006

References: Abeyesinghe, S.M., Goddard, P.J., Cockram, M.S. (1997). The behavioural and Physiological responses of farmed red deer (Cervus elephus) penned adjacent to other species, Applied Animal...

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