Animal Defenders International

 

Animal Defenders International

Circuses

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The science on suffering: Inappropriate social groupings and isolation (2)

17 May 2006

4.2 Forced Proximity with other Animals In the wild tigers are solitary animals, coming together only for mating. A study on circus tigers describes how circuses often transport tigers in groups and...

The science on suffering: Inappropriate social groupings and isolation (3)

17 May 2006

4.4 Close Proximity of Predator and Prey Species Prey species show specific adaptations that allow recognition, avoidance and defence against predators (Apfelbach et al., 2005). However in the restrictions...

The science on suffering: Summary of scientific case (1)

17 May 2006

5. Summary of scientific case Collectively the evidence provided here demonstrates that animals, whether exotic or domesticated, are likely to be suffering as a result of living in a travelling circus–...

The science on suffering: Summary of scientific case (2)

17 May 2006

It is important to remember that in a circus– living space is necessarily limited to the back of a lorry; exercise enclosures, if erected, are frequently not used by some (or all) of the animals...

The science on suffering: Summary of scientific case (3)

17 May 2006

References: Abeyesinghe, S.M., Goddard, P.J., Cockram, M.S. (1997). The behavioural and Physiological responses of farmed red deer (Cervus elephus) penned adjacent to other species, Applied Animal...

The science on suffering: Summary of scientific case (4)

17 May 2006

References (continued): Hall, S.J.G. & Bradshaw, R.H. (1998) Welfare Aspects of the Transport by Road of Sheep and Pigs. Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science. 1 (3) 235-254 Herskin, M.S & Jensen,...

The science on suffering: Evidence presented to Parliament

17 May 2006

6. Evidence presented to Parliament ADI presented the report of the first in-depth study of the use of animals in circuses in 1998, at a House of Commons reception. Since that time, several further...

The science on suffering: Numbers of animals in UK circuses

17 May 2006

7. Numbers of animals in UK circuses Species grouping: Exotics, Domestics, Birds 1997: 124, 213, 10 2005: 47, 125, 36 %change: -62%, -41%, +260% TOTAL (all sp.): 1997: 350 2005: 208 % change: ...

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