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Animal Defenders International

Circuses

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The science on suffering: Summary of scientific case (3)

17 May 2006

References: Abeyesinghe, S.M., Goddard, P.J., Cockram, M.S. (1997). The behavioural and Physiological responses of farmed red deer (Cervus elephus) penned adjacent to other species, Applied Animal...

The science on suffering: Summary of scientific case (4)

17 May 2006

References (continued): Hall, S.J.G. & Bradshaw, R.H. (1998) Welfare Aspects of the Transport by Road of Sheep and Pigs. Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science. 1 (3) 235-254 Herskin, M.S & Jensen,...

The science on suffering: Evidence presented to Parliament

17 May 2006

6. Evidence presented to Parliament ADI presented the report of the first in-depth study of the use of animals in circuses in 1998, at a House of Commons reception. Since that time, several further...

The science on suffering: Numbers of animals in UK circuses

17 May 2006

7. Numbers of animals in UK circuses Species grouping: Exotics, Domestics, Birds 1997: 124, 213, 10 2005: 47, 125, 36 %change: -62%, -41%, +260% TOTAL (all sp.): 1997: 350 2005: 208 % change: ...

The science on suffering: Accommodation, health, psychological effects, travelling (1)

17 May 2006

8. Accommodation, health, psychological effects, travelling More than any other industry, due to the nature of a travelling circus – with the concomitant restrictions on cage sizes and poor environment...

The science on suffering: Accommodation, health, psychological effects, travelling (2)

17 May 2006

Transport & life in transporters: Animal transport regulations are difficult to enforce because of the nature of the industry – incidents recorded include: - A seriously ill lioness moved twice,...

The science on suffering: Training, rehearsals & performance, abuse

17 May 2006

9. Training, rehearsals & performance, abuse It is important that the Animal Welfare Bill specifically outlaw violence during training, and the ‘cruelty offence’ and ‘duty of care’ as they stand, will...

The science on suffering: Prosecutions and the law

17 May 2006

10. Prosecutions and the law If the Animal Welfare Bill does not contain a prohibition on the use of animals in travelling circuses, it will remain extremely difficult to prosecute for cruelty in a...

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